IVAN KONSTANTINOVICH AIVAZOVSKY (RUSSIAN, 1817-1900)
Estimated Price: $150,000 - $200,000
"Oreanda",oil on board 55.5 x 45.5 cm, signed l. r.
here is a link to an informative webpage about South of Crimea
Away from Aivazovsky for another minute... that crazy hotel on the left side of Oreanda is really captivating.. I love architecture... the Kurpaty Hotel Druzhba... a Sanatorium in Haspra.
back to Fine Art...
Here's another of his paintings, up for sale as well, estimated USD 90'000-120'000, signed and dated 'Aivazovsky 1870' (lower right); oil on canvas,29 x 45 cm. He is considered one of the greatest marine artists in history... look at The Ninth Wave from 1850 below (221x332 cm!!)
depending on the source material, the colors get much more dramatic (how is the Original?)
but truly a chef-d'oeuvre is the Lunar Night on Capri, dated 1841, Oil on Canvas 26x38 cm. It is exhibited in the Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow
Can he beat himself? Yes he can!!! Aaarggghhh! Sea View, 1841
Moonlit Night on the Crimea. Gurzuf, 1839
Lunar Night in the Crimea, 1862
more of the same: Night in the Crimea, 1850
The Bay of Naples, 1841, 73x108 cm
View on Lagoon of Venice, 1841, 76x118 cm
Neapolitan Lighthouse, 1842, 87x69 cm
The Bay of Naples at Moonlit night, 1842, 92x141 cm
Moonlit Night, Dnieper 1887
Darial Gorge 1862, in two different qualities
Darial Gorge at Moonlight 1868
also from 1868
Besides those overly romantic fantastic paintings... a clear and present danger... : The Landing of Nikolay Nikolayevich Raevsky At Subashi, from 1939, Oil on Canvas, 97x66 cm, Samara Art Museum (Samara Oblast)
We remember Raevsky for his battles against Napoléon Ier. Due to his poor health he retired after the Napoleonic Wars to the Crimea, where he befriended with the young Pushkin. The painting depicts the Battle of Subashi, one of the myriad battles between the Circassians and Russians in the area of Sochi between the late 1830s and the early 1860s. The battle took place at the mouth of River Shakhe in Subashi, Shapsughia (modern Tuapse and Lazarev Districts of Sochi, in a gorge on the outskirts of Golovinka), on 3 May 1939. In the summer of 1939 Aivazovsky was invited by N. N. Raevsky, high-ranking officer in the Russian Black Sea Fleet, to capture the scenes of the war with the Circassians on his canvas.
Here is another rendering by Aivazovsky, but not certain if this one is from Ivan (haven't found any reliable references).
Brief description of the Battle of Subashi
The 2nd Squadron of the Russian Black Sea Fleet under the command of Vice-Admiral Lazarev, consisting of five battleships, five frigates, one brig, and two steamers, carried a landing party of 6,600 troops, under the command of Lieutenant-General N. N. Raevsky, with the intention of establishing a beach-head and eventually control the area through constructing fortifications on the Circassian coast of the Black Sea. The Russian Black Sea Fleet ships shelled the Circassian coast prior to the landing to provide smoke cover for the operation. Assault troops were brought ashore on rowing boats under the command of Captain V. Kornilov.
The Russian troops had barely managed to reach the shore, when they were rushed by more than a thousand Circassians, who had been hiding in the thick forests by the shore, and who rushed to the plain quietly, without firing their firearms. The Russians were at first taken aback by the unexpected attack, and they barely had time to unload the two mountain guns. Two Circassian leaders, riding on white steeds, bravely rushed ahead of the Circassian horsemen. A battalion of the Tengin Regiment rushed to counter-attack, but the Circassians, snatching their sabres, boldly went forward. At this very moment, a Russian officer at the head of a troop of marines appeared from the bushes in the forest, attacking the Circassians from the flanks, with the thud of the drums and shouts of "Hurrah." The Circassians stopped in their tracks and started shooting and attempting to retreat. But it was too late – flanked on both sides by the Russians, they were forced to gradually retreat, fighting desperately in the process.
From May to September 1839, three fortresses were built in the vicinity, namely Golovinskoe, Lazarevskoe, and Raevskoe. In February 1840 the Circassians captured and razed fort Lazarevskoe, within six weeks through March, three more Russian strongholds, Golovinskoe, Velyaminskoe, and Mikhailovskoe, fell. Effectively, the southern section of the Caucasian Black Sea Line was isolated. However, the Circassians failed to capitalize on these successes, with their troops dispersed, deeming the operations to have been over and victory guaranteed. This short-sightedness turned over the initiative from Circassian hands squarely into those of the Russian Generals, who launched a counter-offensive, and recaptured Lazarevskoe and Velyaminskoe. Thirteen Shapsugh villages were razed to the ground in punishment.
and another one from 1880
Ivan Aivazovsky: (July 29, 1817 C May 5, 1900) was a Russian painter of Armenian descent, most famous for his seascapes, which constitute more than half of his paintings.Aivazovsky was born in the town of Feodosiya, Crimea, to a poor Armenian family. His parents family name was Aivazian. Some of artist's paintings bear a signature, in Armenian letters, "Hovhannes Aivazian" (Յովհաննէս Այվազեան). His talent as an artist earned him sponsorship and entry to the Simferopol gymnasium and later the St.Petersburg Academy of Arts, from which he graduated with the gold medal. Earning awards for his early landscapes and seascapes, he went on to paint a series of portraits of Crimean coastal towns before traveling throughout Europe. In later life, his paintings of naval scenes earned him a longstanding commission from the Russian Navy. In 1845, Aivazovsky went to Istanbul upon the invitation of Sultan Abdelmecid, a city he was to travel to eight times between 1845-1890.
During his sixty-year career, Aivazovsky produced around 6,000 paintings "of very different value ... there are masterpieces and there are very timid works". The vast majority of his works depict the sea. He rarely drew dry-landscapes and created only a handful of portraits. Aivazovsky "never painted his pictures from nature, always from memory, and far away from the seaboard." "His artistic memory was legendary. He was able to reproduce what he had seen only for a very short time, without even drawing preliminary sketches." His "truth to nature amazed his contemporaries, particularly his ability to convey the effect of moving water and of reflected sun and moonlight.
While we are at it... here a terrifying but incredibly captivating painting, The Battle of Sinope, 1853. The battle took place on November 30th, 1853 at Sinop, a sea port in northern Anatolia, when a squadron of Imperial Russian warships struck and annihilated a squadron of Ottoman ships anchored in the harbor. The battle was part of the Crimean War, and a contributory factor in bringing France and Britain into the conflict. This was the last major battle beetween fleets of sailing ships as well as the first big battle of the Crimean War (1853-56). Oil on canvas, 220x331 cm
another rendering by Ivan "Russian-Turkish Sea Battle of Sinop on 18th November 1853, 220x331 cm, Central Naval Museum, St. Petersburg
and one by Alexey Bogolyubov (1824-1896)
The Black Sea Fleet in Feodossija (just before the Crimean War began), completion 1890, Oil on Canvas, 53x107 cm. The city of Kefe was thus renamed in 1783 when Ottoman control ceased as the expanding Russian Empire conquered the whole Crimea.
The Parade of the Black Sea Fleet, 1849, 131x249 cm
Today's Black Sea Fleet
Aivazovsky for another two Oils
The Battle in the Chios Channel, 1848, at the Aivazovsky Art Gallery, Feodosia (Chios Channel separates Greece from Turkey)
The Battle of Chesme, 1881. The Fifth Russian-Turkish war started in 1768, the battle was fought July 5-7, 1770.
the same with a more red contrast makes this painting even more dramatic